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Lesson 2: White House

Patriotism

Lesson 2: The White House and the Capitol Building

Objective:

Learners will be able to identify the Capitol Building and the White House.

Learners will be able to find Washington D.C. on a map of the country.

Materials:

Picture of the White House

Picture of the Capitol

Map of the United States

Assessment Worksheet

Procedure:

  1. The teacher asks the students to recall the discussion from the day before. The teacher then uses this to segue way into a discussion about the White House.
  2. The White House is where the president will live when he becomes president. Last week when we looked at fire safety, the house that the dogs lived in is the White House. The White House is a huge house in which the presidents live at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, however, not all presidents lived in the White House (Show Picture of the White House). President John Adams was the first president to live in the White House. George Washington, our first president actually started to build the White House, but he never got to live in it. It took them 8 years to complete the White House. Each President is allowed to make the White House his home because that’s where he lived for four or eight years. Some presidents have changed things such as the bath tub. William Howard Taft our 27th president didn’t fit into the White House bathtub so he had to have a new one put it.
  3. Many people have a hard time telling the difference between the Capital and the White House. The Capitol Building is where the President and Congress do their work (show picture of the Capitol). Before 1800, at least eight other buildings and eight other cities have hosted Congress. The capitol was first located in New York, with Congress meeting in City Hall (Federal Hall) from 1785 to 1790. When the nation’s capital moved to Philadelphia, the Philadelphia County Building (Congress Hall) served as the capitol from 1790 to 1800. The Capitol and the White House are only one mile apart. During the War of 1812, the Capitol was partly burned by the British. The White House was also burned at this time.
  4. The teacher talks about the location of the Capitol and White House as being in Washington D.C. and shows them on the map. The students then are given a sketch of the United States. The students must draw a dot where the capitol is located and shade in Michigan. They then glue this map to a piece of paper and on the side opposite the picture, they draw and label the White House and Capitol buildings.

Assessment:

I will be able to assess the students’ ability to locate the Capitol on the map, by checking their map and having them draw a picture of either the White House or the Capitol and labeling the picture they drew.

Evaluation:

I will know that students are able to identify the Capitol and the White House when the students draw these building, noting the differences in structure.

I will know that students are able to find Washington D.C. on a map of the country when they place a white X on Washington D.C. on the silhouette of the U.S.

Things to consider:

An overhead of the United States was helpful to relate it to their map and show the students exactly where the X should be in relation to other landmarks, such as Michigan. It also introduced the students to landmarks such as the Upper Peninsula. The students honestly had no idea where Washington D.C. was.

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