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Lesson 3: American Flag


Lesson 3: The American Flag


Learners will be able to reproduce an American Flag correctly and verbally explain the meaning and symbolism of the flag.


American Flag

Star Spangled Banner Song

The Star Spangled Banner book


  1. The teacher will introduce the symbol of the day, the flag, in connection with the Guided Reading for the week. We honor our flag as a symbol of our country by pledging our loyalty to it.
  2. The teacher will then share the story of Betsy Ross with the class.
    1. George Washington, Robert Morris, and George Ross, members or a secret society came knocking on Betsy Ross’ door in May of 1776. This was before the official declaration of independence.
    2. Betsy Ross had often done embroidery work for George Washington so he knew that Betsy Ross could sew the flag for them.
    3. Betsy sowed a flag with 13 stars in a circle so that one was no more important than another and each one represented a member of union. George Washington also wanted 13 stripes alternating red and white. Originally George Washington and company wanted a six pointed star to represent the U.S. rather than the circle.
    4. The colors of the Flag: The red is for courage, passion and fervency; the white for hope purity, cleanliness of life, and rectitude of conduct; the blue, the color of heaven, for reverence to God, loyalty, sincerity, justice and truth.
    5. Today a few changes have been made to the flag. We still have thirteen stripes representing the 13 original colonies, however, there are now 50 stars: one for each state. The 50th star was added 1960 when Hawaii became a state.
  3. The teacher will tell the students the story of the Star Spangled Banner.
    1. In 1814 Francis Scott Key and John S. Skinner went aboard a British ship to try and release the Dr. Beanes, the town doctor. The British were going to release Key and Skinner, but they had told them too much about their plans to attack Fort McHenry, so they were forced to stay on the British ship until the battle was over. For 24 hours the battle went on and Key and Skinner watched the American Flag. The sight of the American Flag let the prisoners know that the Americans were winning, however, at night the flag could not be seen until dawn. When dawn came and the flag was still flying, they knew the Americans had one. Mr. Key took out a letter from his pocket and wrote the lyrics to the Star-Spangled Banner on the back. The poem was later added to music and became out National Anthem in 1931.
  4. Students will then be given The Star Spangled Banner book. The students will fill in the missing word wall words as the teacher reads the book to the students. The students then will recite the song and sing it as they color. The students may take the book home, completed or not.


I will be able to assess the students’ ability to reproduce the flag by observing as they color the flag.

The discussion that takes place as I am circulating the room will let me assess the students’ ability to verbally explain what the flag represents.


I will know that students are able to reproduce the American Flag when they color in the American Flag unassisted.

I will know that students are able to verbally explain the meaning and symbolism of the flag when they are able to explain it to me when informally assessed as I walk around while they are coloring.

Things to consider:

The students were unfamiliar with the Star-spangled Banner lyrics which made it difficult to sing along with as well as understand. They were more concerned with coloring the booklet than filling in the missing Word Wall Words. We began by coloring the American Flag in the back of the book. Some students did this incorrectly even when colored as a whole group so coloring the flag became the bell-work for the next morning.

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